The following is an excerpt from Dan's article. The full essay can be found in the articles section of this site.
The Kaiser Family Foundation has been conducting a 10 year study following children aged 8 to 18 pertaining to media in their lives. The foundation surveyed over 2000 children over 3 time periods. They found that children’s use of technology has gone up to 7 ½ hours a day. The amount of time, which seemed impossible to increase six years ago, has gone up because now children are multitasking – watching a movie on their computer while they use Facebook on their iPhone.
This study, while noting the sharp increase in technology use, showed that both grades and the amount of friendships children made stayed relatively the same. Technology can even help children keep made friendships. It was noted, “there are more than 10,000 neighborhood groups in Yahoo!’s group directories, one of many sites that offer neighbors the means to connect” (Baym 93). There are other studies that show children are still being social despite being online and connected constantly. Children are still making friends, they are simply making those friendships in a different way.
In a study on media by The Kaiser Family Foundation, children were asked about their time outdoors. Children were asked, “Thinking just about yesterday, how much time did you spend being physically active or exercising, (such as playing sports, working out, dancing, running, or another activity)?”, 89% answered that they did spend time outside yesterday and that they spent an average of 1 hour 42 minutes outdoors. This number confirms suspicions that children want to spend time outdoors. A focus of most summer camps is to reconnect children with nature. In the study “Camps and Nature” 95% of summer camps give children a chance to reconnect with the natural environment (James). Children want to be outdoors and summer camp gives children that opportunity through intentional programming.
When a child arrives at summer camp, they are often in a group, also known as cabin with other campers they haven’t met before. This cabin of roughly 8 campers, varying from camp to camp, is often accompanied by two young adults known as counselors. These counselors have been trained in how to facilitate building friendships and incorporate teambuilding between the campers. The counselors help children connect with each other through communication and positive encouragement. Because of this, deep and life-long friendships are often made at camp. Summer camp isn’t a one dimensional environment either. One study states, “emerging evidence suggests that camp-based groups for children and adolescents with chronic illnesses offer promise in multiple dimensions including coping, social support, education, empowerment, normalization, and coping” (MacLusky 212). Children are able to work through impacting issues such as asthma or dialysis while at a summer camp. It is this idea that often remains hidden when people outside of the summer camp industry think of a child’s camping experience.
“Well-run camps have the character of providing affordances where young people are exposed to and can experiment with different points of view – exploring possibilities by challenging others’ ideas and having their own ideas challenged in return without the risk of simultaneously challenging their relationships with each other” (Dahl 232). It’s this experimentation that provides an ideal opportunity for children to take the social skills they learned online and perfect them in a safe environment. The summer camp environment allows for experimentation with social skills through opportunities for communication between aged campers and counselors. It has been noted that a traditional resident camp helps children, “to become independent and experiencing all the wonderful thing that happen in growing up” (Orecklin)In a summer camp environment, compared to being online, children are able to connect with others that have similar interests to their own. The difference is that online, there is no camp counselor to provide positive encouragement. The lack of compassion and positive encouragement has lead to increasing amounts of online bullying and alienation.